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// Chemfiles, a modern library for chemistry file reading and writing
// Copyright (C) 2015-2020 Guillaume Fraux -- BSD licensed

use std::convert::TryInto;
use std::ffi::CStr;

use chemfiles_sys::{chfl_format_metadata, chfl_formats_list, chfl_free, chfl_guess_format};
use errors::check_success;

/// `FormatMetadata` contains metadata associated with one format.
#[allow(clippy::struct_excessive_bools)]
#[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq, Eq)]
pub struct FormatMetadata {
    /// Name of the format.
    pub name: &'static str,
    /// Extension associated with the format.
    pub extension: Option<&'static str>,
    /// Extended, user-facing description of the format.
    pub description: &'static str,
    /// URL pointing to the format definition/reference.
    pub reference: &'static str,
    /// Is reading files in this format implemented?
    pub read: bool,
    /// Is writing files in this format implemented?
    pub write: bool,
    /// Does this format support in-memory IO?
    pub memory: bool,
    /// Does this format support storing atomic positions?
    pub positions: bool,
    /// Does this format support storing atomic velocities?
    pub velocities: bool,
    /// Does this format support storing unit cell information?
    pub unit_cell: bool,
    /// Does this format support storing atom names or types?
    pub atoms: bool,
    /// Does this format support storing bonds between atoms?
    pub bonds: bool,
    /// Does this format support storing residues?
    pub residues: bool,
}

impl FormatMetadata {
    pub(crate) fn from_raw(raw: &chfl_format_metadata) -> Self {
        let str_from_ptr = |ptr| unsafe {
            CStr::from_ptr(ptr)
                .to_str()
                .expect("Invalid Rust str from C")
        };
        let extension = if raw.extension.is_null() {
            None
        } else {
            Some(str_from_ptr(raw.extension))
        };
        Self {
            name: str_from_ptr(raw.name),
            extension,
            description: str_from_ptr(raw.description),
            reference: str_from_ptr(raw.reference),
            read: raw.read,
            write: raw.write,
            memory: raw.memory,
            positions: raw.positions,
            velocities: raw.velocities,
            unit_cell: raw.unit_cell,
            atoms: raw.atoms,
            bonds: raw.bonds,
            residues: raw.residues,
        }
    }
}

/// Get the list of formats known by chemfiles, as well as all associated metadata.
///
/// # Example
/// ```
/// let formats = chemfiles::formats_list();
/// println!("chemfiles supports {} formats:", formats.len());
/// for format in &formats {
///     println!(
///         "   {:<15} {}",
///         format.name,
///         format.extension.as_deref().unwrap_or("")
///     );
/// }
/// ```
#[must_use]
pub fn formats_list() -> Vec<FormatMetadata> {
    let mut formats = std::ptr::null_mut();
    let mut count: u64 = 0;
    let formats_slice = unsafe {
        check_success(chfl_formats_list(&mut formats, &mut count));
        std::slice::from_raw_parts(formats, count.try_into().expect("failed to convert u64 to usize"))
    };
    let formats_vec = formats_slice
        .iter()
        .map(FormatMetadata::from_raw)
        .collect();
    unsafe {
        let _ = chfl_free(formats as *const _);
    }
    return formats_vec;
}

#[allow(clippy::doc_markdown)]
/// Get the format that chemfiles would use to read a file at the given
/// ``path``.
///
/// The format is mostly guessed from the path extension, chemfiles only tries
/// to read the file to distinguish between CIF and mmCIF files. Opening the
/// file using the returned format string might still fail. For example, it will
/// fail if the file is not actually formatted according to the guessed format;
/// or the format/compression combination is not supported (e.g. `XTC / GZ` will
/// not work since the XTC reader does not support compressed files).
///
/// The returned format is represented in a way compatible with the various
/// `Trajectory` constructors, i.e. `"<format name> [/ <compression>]"`, where
/// compression is optional.
///
/// # Examples
/// ```
/// let format = chemfiles::guess_format("trajectory.xyz.xz");
/// assert_eq!(format, "XYZ / XZ");
///
/// let format = chemfiles::guess_format("trajectory.nc");
/// assert_eq!(format, "Amber NetCDF");
/// ```
pub fn guess_format(path: &str) -> String {
    let path = crate::strings::to_c(path);
    let mut buffer = vec![0; 128];
    unsafe {
        check_success(chfl_guess_format(
            path.as_ptr(), buffer.as_mut_ptr(), buffer.len() as u64
        ));
    }
    return crate::strings::from_c(buffer.as_ptr());
}